You should consider laying your own paving if you are fit, strong, handy and can pay attention to detail. Step 3 : Laying the foundation. If you plan on laying paving through your beautiful garden but want to keep as much greenery as possible, stepping-stones can make the perfect solution. While you can buy paving mortar mix and patio mortar mix in DIY shops, it is just as easy ... such as laying paving slabs, ... mortar than you need. Leave a 1/2" gap between the slabs - more if they are irregular shapes. Posted 10 years ago. Laying Extra20 Porcelain Paving to a Level Top Surface We have a starting point in both directions. AG gardening editor, Kris Collins, shows how easy it can be to lay paving slabs in the lawn Step1) Dig out the area to be paved to allow 4in (10cm) of sub-base, 1in (2.5cm) of slab fix mortar, the slabs and an extra ½in (1cm) so that the slabs sit below the grass level. The five spot method is not really advisable as it allows water to sit under paving which can expand in cold conditions lifting the slabs. You can lay slabs for paving hard surfaces on sidewalks, entrances, patios and more. Laying Your Paving The main method of laying Natural stone paving products is to individually bed each slab into a full mortar bed. There are two ways to lay paving, on a screeded bed of sand or individually laying of flags on a wet or semi wet concrete mix. Avoid using a dry mix as it won’t set to the strength needed to hold the weight of a car, but be careful not to have it too wet either (as you would when laying a shed foundation) as it would be near impossible to lay the paving slabs without staining them! Then, lower your first paving slab into position. Lay it into the concrete mix and gently tap it with a rubber mallet so it’s fixed in place. Step 1STEP 1: Digging the foundation. Blob of mortar in each corner is about the worst thing you could do for laying slabs, it leaves them really weak where there is no mortar, leaves gaps for rodents to get in to and leaves space for water to get in to and freeze. 11) continue laying the first row - use a string line if it helps keep things square, straight & level. 1) Plan your pathway. Having layed the first two blocks on a wet mix of sharp sand and cement 41 I wondered if it would be as good to lay the blocks on a dry mix of sharp sand and cement as is done for slabs and block paving. Paving Slabs In this article we want to outline all the steps involved in laying paving slabs or flags on a screeded bed. You need to allow 150mm for foundation mix and paving, and if you are laying directly next to a house then the finished patio should be at least 150mm below the damp proof course. Do not use building sand - it's too soft. 11a) get up & look at what you have done. Ideally it wants to sit 15mm in the mortar. If we have prepared a layout guide then this will show how many of each type of PSP are required at each Grid line. Go for a dry mix with just a dribble of water to make it workable. Step 3: Start Mixing! It is labour intensive and requires practical intelligence (being able to see/work out how things should work). Use the back of a rake to level, then tread over the area to compact. ... Lay the slabs on a cement mix of 4/5 parts sharp sand to 1 part cement. Create the mortar mix – add a 30mm layer 4. If you are laying paving slabs for a car to drive on you will need a different process than the one shown below. I watched Gardens Unplugged on the box last weekend and watched the presenter lay paving slabs on what he referred to as 'dry mix'. Paul tells me that he was given advice on what to do at the local builders merchants. The bedding layer is the material that holds and supports the paving slabs. Before starting to lay the porcelain slabs it is necessary to prime the back surface of each slab. In a wheelbarrow, mix one 20kg bag of Concrete Mix with 2.5 litres of clean water with a shovel and using a trowel place the mixed concrete up against the side of the pavers in the trench you have dug. You could stand a crane on it. Paint the reverse side of each slab with either a ‘slurry mix’- a wet cement mix, or a proprietary resin based primer. ... 50mm sharp sand compacted in 10:1 dry mortar mix, 35mm slabs. While the types of slabs available vary greatly, the principles and methods of laying slabs remain largely the same. Laying Slabs On A Dry Mix Of Sharp Sand And Cement 2013-3-29ensp0183enspI am laying concrete blocks on a bed of gravel to hold a wooden frame for a log cabin. The compactor should have sufficient area to simultaneously cover 12 units, and its metal base should be covered to prevent it coming into direct contact with the surface of pavers . Laying patio slabs. The slabs were then laid directly onto the sand and pointed in with a 4:1 sand cement semi-dry-mix mortar but just three weeks later he noticed movement in the slabs with considerable movement when he walked on them. You can fill these gaps in with dry sand or alternatively you can use patio grout which would be a similar functioning product to the grout you would use on your kitchen or bathroom tiles. Open or gravel filled joints are harder to maintain than grouted joins and the whole finish is less durable. Laying paving slabs on sharp sand and mortar mix. Cover the entire area with a sub base - we recommend using an MOT type 1 granular material or a semi-dry foundation mix of 6 parts all in ballast to 1 part cement. A 10:1 mix of sand/cement is around appropriate as this will stiffen the mix … Hopefully the above article has helped you understand how to create your perfect mortar mix and why cement is an important element to the installation process. 4 to 1 sand ... Then Thursday mixing the concrete and laying the slabs. The wetter mix allows the finished height of individual paving slabs to be adjusted to counter the variation in thickness. What would you do? Begin by only mixing up enough cement for one slab, this way if you mix up too little or too much you’ll know how much to prepare for the next one, plus it’s always best not to mix up too much cement at one time as it doesn’t take long to solidify – if you’ve got a lot of wet cement lying around it puts a lot of pressure on you to use it quickly! markyyyyyy, 29 Jun 2014, in forum: Building. Prime the back of the flags with a cement-based primer 3. The Bedding material is a coarse grit sand mixed with dry cement to the right level which will leave the stones flat and level. ... Once the work has been completed you should allow the paving slabs and pointing to dry for at least 48 hours before walking on the slabs. Firstly, you can use the circular slabs as a guide when you’re drawing your cutting line to ensure a near perfect finish. What you will need to do then is to fill in the gaps between the paving slabs. Bedding Methods There are several bedding methods which could be used for laying the patio paving slabs, and this decision can have a huge impact on the overall finish as well as the sustainability of the patio. If you omit this step, your paving will fail quite quickly after laying. Otherwise you may injure yourself or end up with a mess that will cost more to fix. I always thought you laid them on plain old sharp sand so I'm wondering what this dry mix actually consists of and is it a better alternative to sharp sand - 25 bags of which I've already bought for the small paving job I'm due to attemp later on in the month. Laying paving is definitely not for everyone. Techniques for laying Indian sandstone paving are different, the thickness variation of Indian Sandstone requires it to be laid on a 4 parts sharp sand: 1 part cement semi dry mix. Check size, layout and more importantly, that you have enough paving slabs! Dig a trench along the edge of the paving deeper than the bedding sand and road base. Avoid laying straight on to sand as whilst it may be convenient, the headaches are simply not worth it. If that’s the case, laying pavers on concrete shouldn’t take you too long. Advice I consider to be incorrect. by baron777 » Thu Sep 08, 2016 12:29 pm Last post by neil-the-handyman Mon Sep 26, 2016 11:33 pm When the laying of pavers and closure units is complete, pavers should be compacted and brought to level by not less than three passes of a high frequency low amplitude plate compactor. Wet or Dry Mix for Laying Patio Slabs and What Ratios to Use? lister. Do not step on the paving stones for 24 hours after laying down the patio. A slab is a structural element used for flooring (similar to tiles but larger in size and usually made of concrete instead of ceramic). For laying paving slabs onto grass you will first need to calculate how many slabs are required. No messing about, simple mix, pour and sweep. Step2) Spread out 4in (10cm) of sub base. This method involves laying a wet mix of sand and cement to a thickness of 50-75mm. Lay the paving slabs, leaving 8 … Prepare your concrete 2. ... taking care to avoid getting mortar on the surface of the paving slab. If the intention is to achieve a level top surface of the porcelain slabs then we need to start laying slabs from the highest point. While it takes 24 hours for mortar to fully set, it can become unusable quickly if it’s left to dry, particularly on hot days. This is mainly because of the variation of thickness of natural stone products. Dry pointing paving slabs may seem like a great solution but there is a much quicker and long lasting method. How To Install Porcelain Paving Slabs. How to prepare your ground before you install a greenhouse in your garden. We'd recommend bedding the slabs down with a simple mortar mix each and every time. 1. You can lay slabs directly onto weed control textile if you do not have a budget for a proper base but the slabs must be open jointed or the joints filled with gravel as grouting will not cope with the degree of ground movement. The main issue when laying a paving circle is cutting the surrounding paving slabs in a curve to fit – but there are a few handy tips that you can you to help you get a precise line. Laying paving slabs on soil/earth. How to lay paving slabs on grass. 9 tips on laying paving slabs in your garden ... as you’re laying the patio, mix and match slabs from different pallets if you’re using more ... mixing concrete and applying wet or dry cement. They are heavy slabs so no need to lay them on a wet mix. Dry lay the flags and then find the paving slabs to match the desired aesthetic. QUICK GUIDE: LAYING A PATIO ON EXISTING CONCRETE. Before you can start laying patio slabs, you need to dampen them so they don’t dry out your concrete too quickly.