Elm trees also tend to grow long and straight, making this type of hardwood prized for high-quality lumber. The second coniferous family of redwood trees is the Family Pinaceae. Dogwoods are frequently used as flowering specimen shrubs and trees in the landscape. This family only includes one redwood tree, the Pinus sylvestris. Due to its density and hardness, furniture made from maple will withstand years of wear and tear. Trees woods and wildlife. Ash is a popular hardwood with a light colored grain. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [CDATA[//> Types of red oak are also commonly used in furniture making. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. In the pictures cedar wood siding (left) and yellow cedar lumber (right). 15 Popular Types of Wood used in the Construction Industry! Willow wood also has bending properties and it responds well to steam bending. Teak is easy to work with and it has a beautiful tight grain. Maple wood (Acer) has a similar color to birch wood and is one of the hardest woods. How to Identify Trees By Leaf Shape. Hickory is a versatile hardwood that becomes more and more popular. Read on to learn about different types of cedar wood. ]]> Another type of locust wood is honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) which is so hard and strong that the wood can be used as nails. There are over 20,000 different kinds of trees in the world. Guide for Wood Types, Characteristics and Lumber Identification. Trees like pines, firs, or cypress have "soft" wood, which burns fast, leaves few coals, and makes a lot of smoke that can coat your chimney with soot (not a safe thing in the long run). Required fields are marked *. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. It can be said that the effect of the breed of trees is very important on the redness of the wood… Ash hardwood is very popular because it looks good, is easy to work with, and is very strong. However, it doesn’t warp or bend easily, making it a good type of wood for any kind of furniture. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; Types of Cedar Wood. They are also one of the quickest to spalt, and the most common This conifer tree is so popular in construction that it is sometimes just referred to as North American timber. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} Since there are many kinds of cedar trees in different forms, sizes, and colors, it makes sense that the wood excavated from these species aren’t all similar. The following are common types of wood. There are different types of wood that can be used for creating different types of furniture such as tables and chairs. The main one featured in these pages is the one known as the Giant Redwood, or Wellingtonia.Its true scientific name is Sequoiadendron giganteum.Next is the Coast Redwood, or Sequoia sempervirens.Third, is the Dawn Redwood, or Metasequoia glyptostroboides (a bit of a mouthful!) harder and heavier than some of the hardwoods, Types of Wood for Woodworking and Furniture (With Name and Picture), Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. Maple is harder than most hardwoods. Sign Up for Woodworking Network Newsletters, Get the latest headlines delivered to you daily Subscribe, Explore these 52 types of trees and their respective woodgrains, Preliminary antidumping findings for moulding & millwork imports: China yes, Brazil no, Decore-ative Specialties to close Elk Grove facility, COVID-19 impact, Kebony has new shiplap paneling for interior use. //--> Hardwoods are known for their interesting grains, deep colors, and dense texture. Different types of wood are prized for their qualities such as color, grain, density, and durability. These are straight, tall, fast-growing trees which make their wood perfect for many joinery applications. Sometimes, the best types of wood are more obscure. A true springtime stunner, it’s not so long ago that you could find wild-service fruit at a market. It is called both "Giant Sequoia" and "Sierra Redwood." Solid wood is a versatile natural product that can be used to create beautiful woodworking crafts, and wooden structures. Of course, you can also use hardwoods such as oak, poplar, walnut, or teak for these uses. Right picture: violin part made of maple wood. North American beech wood (Fagus grandifolia) comes from a deciduous, broad-leafed tree. 'dimension8': '222967', The oil in the wood is resistant to moths and insects which gives the wood durable properties. If you are looking for a low-cost hardwood alternative to pine, then birch is a good choice. gtag('config', 'UA-1658554-11', { However, this is not always the case because woods such as poplar and pine look very similar. This makes cedar one of the few types of softwood that is good for outdoor use. Cedar is a conifer therefore it is classified as a softwood. The cost of cherry wood lumber ranges from moderate to expensive. Due to its fine grain and rippling effect, birch wood is often used as a veneer. The different types of solid wood are divided into 2 categories – hardwood and softwood. Willow rods are strong yet flexible and can be woven into wicker baskets. Cottonwood is difficult to split for firewood because it is very fibrous, and it produces a low level of energy per unit of volume of wood compared to other hardwood species. Wood is a hard natural material that is used in architecture, interiors, landscapes, infrastructure, furniture and products. Beech wood has a nice grain pattern and is used for furniture making. 52 types of wood and the trees they come from | Woodworking … Poplar is an inexpensive hardwood. Poplar trees (Populus) are fast-growing trees and are a good alternative to pine if you want a light-colored hardwood. Because of the strength of elmwood, its water resistance, and its bending qualities, elm was the hardwood of choice for building ships. Walnut is a type of expensive hardwood used for carvings and furniture. Douglas fir trees grow in forests on the west coasts of North and South America, Europe, and New Zealand. It is not recommended to use spruce outdoors as it is not resistant to decay. If the wood came from a wood pile or a lumber mill where all the pieces were from trees processed locally, then the potential species are immediately limited. All types of trees play an important role in our ecosystem. Spruce (Picea) is another species of coniferous evergreen tree in the softwood category. When used in furniture making, spruce wood molds and planes easily. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Wood is a fibrous and porous structural tissue of wood trees and other wood plans. 'dimension9': '222967' Cherry is a popular type of hardwood that excellent for making furniture. (1). Different types of wood timber: the A-Z of good wood | Friends of … These days it’s rare and hard to find but it’s still a favourite with wildlife like the wood pigeon, whose gut softens its seeds for propagation. Lumber from Douglas fir is also inexpensive and it is a good choice to make cheap furniture. '); Often these types of trees are harvested to make lost-lasting furniture, decks, flooring, and construction.